Originally announced in 1923, the construction of the base proceeded slowly until the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931.
When completed in 1939, at the very large cost of 0 million, it boasted what was then the largest dry dock in the world, the third-largest floating dock, and having enough fuel tanks to support the entire British navy for six months.
Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore in 1819 as a trading post of the British East India Company; after the latter's collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony.
During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan.
Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets.
The People's Action Party has won every election since self-government in 1959.Singapore is a global commerce, finance and transport hub.Its standings include: the most "technology-ready" nation (WEF), top International-meetings city (UIA), city with "best investment potential" (BERI), third-most competitive country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre and the second-busiest container port.This was itself a transliteration from the Malay name "Pulau Ujong", or "island at the end" (of the Malay Peninsula).
Historical sources also indicate that around the end of the 14th century, its ruler Parameswara was attacked by either the Majapahit or the Siamese, forcing him to move on to Melaka where he founded the Sultanate of Malacca.
Raffles arrived in Singapore on 28 January 1819 and soon recognised the island as a natural choice for the new port.